Anyone who takes an interest innovation in their methodological sense will realize that innovation is very diverse. This is why some innovations are so different from others. As a result, individual innovations had to be classified in order to simplify their description or formation of trends.
Types of innovation and their classification
To distinguish between innovations, characteristic features were identified. The result was a classification of innovations based on:
- Significance: there are pseudo-, basic, and improving innovations.
- Direction: there are improving, complementing, replacing ones.
- Place of introduction, such as the sphere of first appearance, usefulness, introduction.
- The force of change: there are fundamentally new types of innovations, technology generations, options of action.
- Specifics of development: there are innovations with the help of external forces or self-confidence ones.
- The scale of implementation: there are innovations that leads to the creation of a new area, allows it to be applied in all spheres.
- Place in the production process.
- The degree of newness: there are innovations using long-discovered phenomena or ones that are results of a discovery.
- Day of entering the real market.
- Reasons for the appearance.
- Spheres of using.
The following types of innovation have been developed for a more simplified classification. They divide innovation into:
- the scale of proliferation (local and global);
- degree of newness (regressive and progressive);
- the impulse of appearance (human needs or as a consequence of scientific development);
- final orientation (production and consumption);
- spheres of the appliance (management, product, and process).
It should be added that other principles can be used to divide innovation. Thus, they can be classified according to their content, as follows:
Innovation is also classified by spheres. They are divided into two types:
- non-production industry (science and education);
- production industry (agriculture and engineering).
Each of the listed types of innovations makes it possible to classify them. However, each of them can be classified separately because each of them is subdivided into subtypes.